This "route" differed from the MIC-free routes used elsewhere, in which the same raw materials were combined in a different manufacturing order, with phosgene first reacting with naphthol to form a chloroformate ester, which was then reacted with methylamine.
At the time, it was called the worst industrial accident in history. On December 3,about 45 tons of the dangerous gas methyl isocyanate escaped from an insecticide plant that was owned by the Indian subsidiary of the American firm Union Carbide Corporation.
The gas drifted over the densely populated neighbourhoods around the plant, killing thousands of people immediately and creating a panic as tens of thousands of others attempted to flee Bhopal. The final death toll was estimated to be between 15, and 20, Some half a million survivors suffered respiratory problems, eye irritation or blindness, and other maladies resulting from exposure to the toxic gas; many were awarded compensation of a few hundred dollars.
Investigations later established that substandard operating and safety procedures at the understaffed plant had led to the catastrophe. In the former factory site was turned over to the state of Madhya Pradesh.
In the early 21st century more than tons of industrial waste were still present on the site. Neither the Dow Chemical Companywhich bought out the Union Carbide Corporation innor the Indian government had properly cleaned the site. In the Indian Supreme Court ordered the state to supply clean drinking water to the residents of Bhopal because of groundwater contamination.
Continued corporate and government mishandling of the disaster sparked decades of protests by victims and others.Bhopal Gas Tragedy Information Print. In the early hours of December 3,, methylisocyanate (MIC) gas leaked from a plant owned, managed and operated by Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) in the central India city of Bhopal.
Bhopal Gas Disaster Of Words | 5 Pages. The Bhopal Gas Disaster of INTRODUCTION On the Night of December 2, , there was a horrific accident at the Union Carbide Pesticide Chemical Factory in Bhopal, India. May 10, · By the end of October , according to the Bhopal Gas Tragedy Relief and Rehabilitation Department, compensation had been awarded to , people for injuries received and 15, survivors of those killed.
Bhopal disaster, chemical leak in in the city of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh state, India. At the time, it was called the worst industrial accident in history. On December 3, , about 45 tons of the dangerous gas methyl isocyanate escaped from an insecticide plant that was owned by the Indian.
Cause of the Bhopal Tragedy Print. Union Carbide's Investigation A Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) investigation team arrived in Bhopal within days of the incident, but could not begin its investigation because the Indian Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) had taken control of and sealed the plant; seized control of the plant’s records; and prohibited interviews of plant employees on duty.
Bhopal gas disaster survivor Akbar Khan, 70, sits inside a steam box as part of a rehabilitation using traditional Ayurvedic treatment at the Sambhavna Trust Clinic in Bhopal on December 1,